HOME         ALPACAS         CHICKENS & GOATS          HORSES          TERMINOLOGY          LINKS


T E R M I N O L O G Y

 
  GLOSSARY OF ALPACA TERMINOLOGY


agisting - feeding or pasturing (livestock) for a fee

alpaca - a domesticated species of South American camelid

banana ears - referring to the way llamas ears come up and curve inwards similar to the shape a banana

body score - a numerical value from 1 to 9 given to an animal based on how fat or thin they are. The optimal condition is assigned a 5, emaciated is assigned a 1 and obese is assigned a 9.

bred female - a pregnant alpaca

camelid - The camel family of animals.

colostrum - the first milk produced by a female alpaca, rich in immunoglobulins (antibodies) and other components needed for the cria

conformation - manner of formation; structure; form, as of a physical entity.

cria - a baby alpaca, either male or female; the term is used until the baby is weaned

cush - the way an alpaca sets down on its stomach with its' feet tucked under the body

dam - the female parent of an alpaca

dung pile - a designated area (usually decided upon by the alpacas) where alpacas urinate and defecate; often several dung piles are created within any one field or pasture.

dust pile - a bare area on the ground in which alpacas roll or take dirt baths

fiber - the fleece of an alpaca

fiber break - wool loss on parts of the body due to stress

fiber quality male - a male alpaca whose genetic characteristics are not desirable to use for breeding; fiber males are usually gelded so there is no chance of accidental reproduction

forage - the component of the diet which is less energy dense and contains more fiber including grasses, legumes and hays

gait - a type of movement or locomotion

gallop - a three-beated gait in which all four feet are never on the ground together; the fastest camelid gait.

geld - to castrate a male alpaca

gelding - a castrated male alpaca

herdsire - a male alpaca used to breed females

huacaya - pronounced "wa-ki-a"; an alpaca with fiber that is extremely fine with the appearance of wool with a krinkle in it

huarizo - pronounced "wah-ree-soh"; a crossbreeding of a male alpaca with a female llama

macho - a male alpaca used to breed females

maiden female - a female who has not been bred to a male yet, usually because she is too young

misti - a crossbreeding of a female alpaca with a male llama

open female - a female who is not pregnant

overconditioned - an alpaca that is overweight or fat

paca - a shortened form of the word alpaca

pace - a two-beated gait in which the front and rear limbs on the same side move forward or back at the same time. It is a medium speed gait and the least stable.

pronk - The way an alpaca "trots". Similar speed to a horse trotting versus galloping. An alpaca's body moves in a front to back teeter-totter way when half-way into a run, but not yet into a full run.

roving - processed, ready to spin fiber

rumen - first chamber in the alimentary canal of ruminant animals

ruminant - a mammal that digests plant-based food by initially softening it within the rumen, then regurgitating the cud and chewing it again

sire - the male parent of an alpaca

spinning - taking raw alpaca fiber and turning it into yarn

stud - a male alpaca used to breed females

suri - an alpaca with fiber that appears to be in the form of dreadlocks

topline - a common term used to refer to an alpaca's back as viewed from the side

trot - a two-beated gait in which the diagonal front and rear limbs move forward or back at the same time; a medium speed gait which is more stable

underconditioned - an alpaca that is underwieght or too thin

walk - a four-beated gait which maintains three feet in contact with the ground at any one time; the slowest of the alpaca gaits

weanling - a weaned alpaca, younger than 1 year

yearling - an alpaca between 1 and 2 years old

 

GLOSSARY OF CHICKEN TERMINOLOGY


capon - a castrated rooster

cock - a male chicken; rooster

cockerel - a rooster under a year old

cockscomb - same as comb

comb - fleshy crest on the head of a chicken

chick - a baby chicken

clutch - a group of eggs

hen - a female chicken over a year old

pecking order - hierarchical social system of chickens where the dominance order is chosen by pecking on the less dominant ones

pullet - a female chicken under a year old

rooster - a male chicken

wattle - a fleshy part hanging from the head or neck


GLOSSARY OF GOAT TERMINOLOGY


billy - an intact male goat

buck - an intact male goat

buckling - a young male goat between one and two years old

colostrum - the first milk produced by a female goat, rich in immunoglobulins (antibodies) and other components needed for the kid

cud - semi-digested mass

doe - a female goat

doeling - a young female goat

geld - to castrate a male goat

gelding - a castrated male goat

kid - the offspring of goats

nanny - a female goat

pygmy - a small breed of domestic goat

rumen - first chamber in the alimentary canal of ruminant animals

ruminant - a mammal that digests plant-based food by initially softening it within the rumen, then regurgitating the cud and chewing it again

wattle - a fleshy part hanging from the head or neck

wether - a gelded (castrated) male goat

  GLOSSARY OF DONKEY/HORSE TERMINOLOGY


ass - the correct term for the animal commonly known as the donkey, burro, or jackstock; derived from the Latin term Asinus.

bald face - facial marking made up of a very wide blaze, extending to or past the eyes

barrel racing - a rodeo event in which a horse and rider attempt to complete a clover-leaf pattern around preset barrels in the fastest time

bay - a coloration of a reddish brown body color with a black mane, tail, ear edges, and lower legs

blaze - facial marking made up of a wide white stripe down the middle of the face

bray - the "voice" or "call" of a donkey; the familiar "eee-haw" sound

broodmare - a mare used for breeding

buckskin - a coloration that resembles certain shades of tanned deerskin

burro - a colloquial term for the Spanish or feral type of donkey (wild burros).

canter - a controlled, three-beat gait that averages between 10–17 mph (16–27 km/h)

colostrum - the first milk produced by a female donkey/horse, rich in immunoglobulins (antibodies) and other components needed for the foal

colt - a male horse three years old and younger

coronet - leg marking made up of white just above the hoof, around coronary band, usually no more than 1 inch (2.5 cm) above the hoof

cribbing - when a horse chews on its' surrounding pen, stall, fence, etc.

cutting - a western riding competition where a horse and rider are judged on their ability to separate a single animal away from a cattle herd and keep it away for a short period of time

dam - the female parent of a donkey/horse

dun - a coloration with a gray-gold or tan body color ranging from sandy yellow to reddish-brown. Dun horses always have a dark stripe down the middle of their back, a tail and mane darker than the body coat, and usually darker faces and legs.

estrous - alternate form of estrus

estrus - the female "heat" cycle; in the northern hemisphere, it begins in March, and occurs every 21 to 28 days

fetlock - a hinge joint, sometimes erroneously refered to as the equivalent of the human "ankle", above the hoof that is more like the upper knuckle on the ball of a human foot - leg marking made up of a white marking that extends over the fetlock; occasionally referred to as a "boot"

filly - a female horse three years old and younger

foal - a baby donkey/horse less than one year old

gait - the way in which a horse moves

gallop - a four-beat gait that averages about 25-30 mph (40-48 km/h)

geld - to castrate a male donkey/horse

gelding - a castrated male donkey/horse

hand – a unit of measure used for equines, equal to four inches

hinny - the offspring of a female donkey and a male horse

hoof - the "foot" of a donkey/horse

horse - the official definition of a horse (for size) is 14.2 hands or taller

jack - a male donkey

jennet - a female donkey (Canadian form of jenny)

jenny - a female donkey (U.S. form of jennet)

Jerusalem donkey - also called "Sicilian" donkey; used to indicate a grayish donkey with a cross and stripe over the shoulders and back.

Laminitis – also known as ‘fever in the feet’. An inflammation of the sensitive tissue lining the inside wall of the foot. It can occur at any time of the year but more often occurs in spring with the growth of the rich, new grass.

lariat - a lasso

lasso - a loop of rope designed to be thrown around a target and tighten when pulled

mane - the line of hair along the spine of the neck

mare - an adult female horse or other equine

molly - a female mule that has estrus cycles and can carry a fetus

mule - the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse

paint - a coloration with large patches of white and any other color

palomino - a coloration of a gold coat and white mane and tail

pastern - leg marking made up of a white marking that extends above the top of the hoof, but stops below the fetlock

pony - a small horse; the official definition of a pony is a horse that measures less than 14.2 hands (58 inches, 147 cm) at the withers

quarter horse - an American breed of horse that excels at sprinting short distances

race - facial marking made up of a narrow white stripe down the middle of the face

reining - a western riding competition where riders guide the horses through a precise pattern of circles, spins, and stops

roan - a coloration with an even mixture of colored and white hairs on the body, while the head and "points" – lower legs, mane and tail – are more solid-colored

rodeo - a sport that arose out of the working practices of cattle herding in Spain, Mexico, and later the United States, Canada, South America and Australia. It was based on the skills required of the working vaqueros and later, cowboys, in what today is the western United States, western Canada, and northern Mexico. Today it is a sporting event that consists of events that involve horses and other livestock, designed to test the skill and speed of the human athletes who participate.

she-ass - an archaic term for a female donkey, or jenny

Sicilian donkey - also called a "Jerusalem" donkey; used to indicate a grayish donkey with a cross and stripe over the shoulders and back.

snip - facial marking made up of a white marking on the muzzle, between the nostrils

sock - leg marking made up of a white marking that extends higher than the fetlock but not as high as the knee or hock; sometimes referred to as a "boot"

sorrel - a coloration referring to a copper-red shade of a chestnut colored horse

star - facial marking made up of a white marking between or above the eyes

stallion - an adult male horse

stocking - leg marking made up of a white marking that extends at least to the bottom of the knee or hock, sometimes higher

strip - facial marking made up of a narrow white stripe down the middle of the face

stripe - facial marking made up of a narrow white stripe down the middle of the face

stud - a male used for breeding

tobiano - a coloration with large patches of any non-white color with spots of white; opposite of paint coloration

trot - a two-beat gait that averages about 8 mph (13 km/h)

walk - a four-beat gait that averages about 4 mph (6.4 km/h)

wean - the process of gradually introducing a mammal infant to what will be its adult diet and withdrawing the supply of its mother's milk

weanling - an animal that has just been weaned

withers - the ridge between the shoulder blades of a donkey/horse

yearling - a horse between one and two years old

zebrass - the offspring of a male zebra and a female donkey

zedonk - same as zebrass
 
 

HOME         ALPACAS         CHICKENS & GOATS          HORSES          TERMINOLOGY          LINKS

 

BENT RIVER ALPACAS
7693 FM 513 South, Lone Oak, TX 75453
info@bentriveralpacas.com

© 2010 Bent River Alpacas